Sara Montagnese  
Special Section Editor
Department of Medicine, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Sara Montagnese is an Associate Professor of Medicine and Honorary Consultant Physician at Padova University Hospital, in Italy. She has a longstanding clinical and research interest in hepatic encephalopathy, on which she has published extensively, especially in relation to diagnosis and differential diagnosis. She currently serves as President elect of the International Society for Hepatic Encephalopathy and Nitrogen Metabolism (ISHEN) and is a member of the Governing Board of the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (AISF). She also has a research interest in the sleep-wake disturbances exhibited by patients with cirrhosis and she has made significant contributions to their understanding and their management. She is currently using her experience in the liver field as a model, and applying it to other areas of medicine. Her research has been funded by the European Association for the Study of the Liver, the University of Padova, the CaRiPaRo foundation and the Italian Ministry of Health, and her lab is part of the European Sleep Research Association network.